Background: Low Back Pain and Neck Pain rank 1 and 4 on the causes of years lost to disability (YLDs) in the UK. Treatment options are broad including popular approaches such as chiropractic care but with NHS funding limited to recent initiatives such as Any Qualified Provider (AQP).
Method: Eleven chiropractic practices with AQP contracts took part in the study. As part of routine clinical practice, patients are entered onto a web based patient reported outcome system that sends automated e mails links to questionnaires, prior to the initial visit (includes the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) and STarT Back, and at 14, 30 and 90 days (BQ and Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC)). Data from subjects consenting for such use were used in the analysis.
Results: Three thousand three hundred thirty nine patients filled out baseline questionnaires, one third of which were NHS. Response rates at 90 days were 33 and 23% in NHS and private groups respectively. NHS referral status was associated with reduced adjusted odds only at 14 days whereas at 30 and 90 days referral groups were equally likely to have improved. Chronicity, lower baseline BQ scores and not improved at previous follow up points were associated with poor recovery. High-risk STarT Back patients were associated with poorer recovery compared to low risk patients but only in the NHS group.
Conclusion: Factors predicting favourable outcomes were similar between NHS and private groups. At most only 35% of the variance was explained with dominance from non-modifiable prognostic factors.
No conflicts of interest
No Funding obtained
- Copyright © 2016, British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery