Introduction Early rehabilitation and discharge following minimally-invasive total hip arthroplasty has potential risks including the possibility that patients may become progressively anemic at home. The current study assess the use of pre-emptive autologous blood transfusion on the length of stay, readmission, and allogenous transfusion.
Methods Patients treated by primary total hip arthroplasty using the superior capsulotomy technique were studied. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 were patients who did donate autologous blood and received an intra-operative pre-emptive transfusion. There were 283 patients in Group 1. Group 2 were patients who were medically capable of donating autologous blood but did not for non-medical reasons. There were 71 patients in Group 2. Patients who did not donate autologous blood for medical reasons (preoperative Hgb less than 11.5, age over 80) were excluded. All patients received general anesthesia. Length of stay, allogenous transfusion and readmission were compared.
Results The mean length of stay after surgery for the Group 1 patients who received autologous blood donation during primary THA was 1.56 days (SD 78 days, range 0–4). The mean length of stay for the Group 2 patients who did not donate or receive autologous blood during primary THA was 1.87 days (SD 84 days, range 1–4). Patients who received autologous blood donation had a significantly shorter post-surgical length of stay than patients who did not (p = .002, Mann-Whitney test). Patients who did not donate and preemptively receive autologous blood received significantly more allogenous blood (Mann-Whitney, p=.0004). Moreover 15% of those who auto-donated were given allogenic transfusions, while 37% of those who did not auto-donate were given allogeneic transfusions. One patient who did receive autologous transfusion and was discharged on day 2 sustained an NSAID induced GI-bleed 3 weeks postop and was admitted for transfusion and treatment. There were no other readmissions in either group.
Conclusions Patients who receive pre-emptive autologous blood transfusion intra-operatively when treated specifically by total hip arthroplasty using the superior capsulotomy technique under general anesthesia have shorter hospital stays and lower allogenous transfusion rates than a matched cohort of patients that did not donate and receive autogenous blood.
- Copyright © 2013, British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery