Introduction: The management of spasticity of children with cerebral palsy is often complex and challenging. Effective treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach involving paediatricians, orthotists, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and orthopaedic surgeons. Botulinum toxin A therapy in the lower limb has been shown to relieve spasticity and to improve the function in the short term. However, the use of Botulinum toxin A in the upper limb remains controversial.
Aim: To assess any improvement following upper limb Botulinum toxin A injections and to evaluate patient’s and parents’ expectation and satisfaction of the procedure.
Method: During 2007 a total of 36 spastic cerebral palsy patients underwent 47 episodes of Botulinum toxin A injections to the upper limb. There were 22 male and 14 female with a mean age of 6 years old. A questionnaire was devised to assess the outpatient consultation, peri-operative care and the post-operative outcome. Subjective improvement and the patient’s and parents’ evaluation of the procedure were also recorded.
Results: Good to excellent results were achieved in most areas. Daily activities were improved by 52% with an average duration of 4 months. The majority of the patient achieved their expectation. Most patients/parents were satisfied with the procedure and would consider further injections.
Conclusions: Botulinum toxin A injection to the upper limb was generally well received with good short term results. Most would consider further injections.
Correspondence should be addressed to BSCOS c/o BOA, at the Royal College of Surgeons, 35–43 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3PE, England.